Health systems that are responsive to the needs of the population and accessible to everyone – women and men, regardless of their income – require sufficient public funding. Health is not a market for business, but a universal human right.

Evidence shows that public resources and country-specific health financing strategies are key to realising the right to health. It is a public responsibility to ensure equitable access to essential health services for all.


However, in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), health budgets are not sufficient to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC), or recruit and retain the necessary number of health workers. Health expenditure often relies too heavily on out-of-pocket spending, pushing many people into poverty and exacerbating inequalities.

Finance for a sustainable health workforce

If we aim to achieve sustainable results in strengthening countries’ health systems – which is a prerequisite for sexual and reproductive health and rights –including the health workforce, it is crucial to expand countries’ fiscal space for health. Yet, this should not be left to individual countries alone; many countries still depend on official development assistance (ODA) for health to co-finance their health systems. However, this type of ODA is decreasing. Instead, World Bank and donor countries – the Netherlands included – spend relatively more ODA to engage and strengthen the private-for-profit sector, also in health.


Wemos believes that the international community can and should contribute more to the strengthening of countries’ health budgets. This can be done by increasing and better aligning development assistance for health with country-specific strategies on the one hand, and by reducing practices that needlessly limit government budget (for health) on the other hand.

Health financing, gender and other cross-cutting issues

When we talk about financial access to health services, we see that women are disadvantaged. Both national policies on health financing and macroeconomic policies can contribute to these gender inequalities.  In countries with high out-of-pocket spending, women face extra barriers to essential health services. This is because women suffer more from constrained cash flow, and because out-of-pocket spending is often required in sexual and reproductive health services – including family planning methods – that particularly affect women, their health, career and household income.


International financing institutions, such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), also have a large impact on health policies and fiscal space for health through their advice and conditions related to loans. Wage bill ceilings in the public health sector and restrictions on the use of ODA for health worker salaries negatively affect women, who form the grand majority of health care professionals.


Therefore, we incorporate gender and equity into our analyses and evidence-building, and join up with partners to effectively advocate gender equality in health policies.


We also address cross-cutting issues like the accountability of multilateral organisations and high-income countries towards LMICs, and meaningful civil society engagement in decision-making within this programme.

Wemos calls for strengthening the pool of public resources for health

Change needed

In our Finance for health programme, we wish to contribute to the following:

  • Bilateral and multilateral development partners increase and align their ODA to co-finance UHC strategies in countries that cannot raise sufficient domestic public resources.
  • International financial institutions and development partners actively support the efforts of LMICs to increase their fiscal space for health, by strengthening national and international tax justice measures and by phasing out harmful policy conditionalities that unduly limit a country’s spending options for social services.
  • Where development partners use ODA to promote business involvement in health in LMICs, they apply criteria to ensure that this: 1) helps the countries in question to attain health-specific development goals, and does not cause harm, and 2) respects aid effectiveness principles.
  • Civil society organisations have both the capacity and opportunity to effectively monitor and influence finance for health at both national and international levels, and to advocate alternative financing models where appropriate.


Read more

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Towards health for all in the Year of Corona: our highlights of 2020

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UHC: time for really ‘innovative’ health financing!

Myria Koutsoumpa, Rosana Lescrauwaet and Mariska Meurs This blog was first published on the Health Financing for Africa platform Ten years after the WHO’s report on Universal Health Coverage (UHC), most African low- and lower-middle income countries are not able to raise enough resources to achieve UHC. And however important, domestic efforts for resource mobilisation […]

More engagement and inclusivity in the GFF strategy – a lobby success

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